Ways to Reduce the Use of Plastic
Megan O’Neill is the senior beauty editor at goop. Which is another way of saying she has a passion for clean products, loves anything that reduces stress, and will happily guinea pig herself in the name of wellness.
It’s 6:30 a.m., the most magical time to run on the beach. I’m on Sumba island, a paradise of lanky palms, perfume-oozing blossoms, and sand so inviting, I almost prefer it to the plush hotel bed. It took three flights and twenty-four hours to get to Indonesia from New York, but this particular beach alone makes the trip worth it. Sunlight striates the still-dark sky, illuminating scuttling crabs and other stirring marine creatures. I run past huge boulders jutting from the crystalline ocean like sculptures and smile to myself, amazed that a place like this, so excessively gorgeous and remote that it hardly looks real, actually is. And I’m lucky enough to be here, basking in this embarrassment of riches.
I curve around a bend in the shoreline and have to stop dead in my tracks: The beach is piled with trash in heartbreaking heaps. Bottles, jars, caps, tubes, forks, straws, spoons, knives, bags, grizzled toothbrushes, takeout containers, toilet brush handles, unrecognizable shards, lipstick flasks, dispenser pumps.
Five trillion pieces of plastic pollute our oceans right now—enough to circle the earth more than 400 times, according to Greenpeace, which also estimates that Europe and Central Asia alone dump the equivalent of 54 plastic bags full of microplastics per person, per week into the oceans. (The US, Canada, and the UK export much of their plastic waste to Asia, so they’re partially included in that number.) Plastic debris outweighs plankton by thirty-six to one, says the Plastic Pollution Coalition. Not only does plastic kill 100,000 marine mammals and up to 1 million sea birds annually—a stat from the 2017 United Nations Ocean Conference—its effect on humans is also significant. Exposure to BPA, a chemical found in many plastics that acts as a synthetic estrogen, is linked to cancer, infertility, endocrine disruption, lower IQ, girls getting their periods early, smaller penis size, boys developing breasts, and obesity. A small 2009 EWG study detected BPA, among other health-disrupting chemicals, in the umbilical cord blood of nine of the ten American newborns it tested.
The large-scale equivalent of my Indonesian beach covered with trash mounds is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a vortex of mostly plastic swirling between Hawaii and California: It’s three times the size of France—France—and ever-expanding.
I recycle; I avoid extra packaging whenever I can, I bring reusable bags to the grocery store, and so does practically everyone I know. Obviously, we all need to do more, starting with donating to and volunteering for organizations that are making a difference.* But conservationist and founder of the Plastic Pollution Coalition Dianna Cohen says that cumulatively, the tweaks and minor daily adjustments we make can also make real change. These small switch-outs are just part of what I’m doing, but I’m committed to them:
1. Glass Water Bottles
Just looking at this glamorous glass flask makes me happy. Somehow crystal-charged water seems to taste crisper than normal water, and I love the idea that the amethyst inside is radiating calming, positive vibes. I bring it to work, yoga, walking around on weekends, and when I’m traveling, I fill it up at the water fountain in the airport to last me the flight. It comes with a little pouch so that condensation doesn’t wet surrounding papers and things in my bag.Glacce Amethyst Bottle goop, $84
2. Menstrual Cups
I was completely resistant at first, but it’s as easy and comfortable as a tampon. It’s made of BPA- and chemical-free silicone, and you can leave it in for up to twelve hours. Also, approximately 20 billion pads, tampons, and applicators are dumped into our landfills each year, according to a 2017 report from Harvard Business School, so swapping out tampons feels especially great.Lunette Menstrual Cup goop, $40
3. Eco Toothpaste
Most conventional toothpastes come in plastic-laminated tubes that end up in landfills. But Davids is made completely of recyclable metal. I love how it looks displayed on the rim of my sink, and the breath-freshening essential oil formula is fantastic.Davids Premium Natural Toothpaste goop, $9.95
4. Metal Straws or Bust
I saw so many plastic straws on the beach in Indonesia. It’s not like straws are even a necessity. When I do want one—for a milkshake or seltzer or a movie night at home—I bring out this stainless steel set. New York City, California, and Hawaii have pending legislation to ban straws, while Vancouver already has a no-straw policy and Scotland plans to join them in 2019.Onyx Stainless Steel Straws, set of 4 goop, $12
*I’m super impressed by Cyrill Gutsch, founder of Parley for the Oceans, an organization that recently initiated cleanup efforts for the Santo Domingo beach disaster in the Dominican Republic (YouTube it; it’s hard to watch), then transformed the collected plastic waste into upcycled consumer products. Gutsch believes we have a decade before the effects of plastic pollution are completely irreversible.
Five trillion pieces of plastic pollute the oceans, according to statistics for plastic pollution in Europe and Asia.
Plastic kills some 100,000 marine mammals and up to 1 million sea birds annually.
BPA was found in the umbilical cord blood of nine of the ten American newborns tested in a study.
Approximately 20 billion pads, tampons, and applicators are dumped into our landfills each year.